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Cold pressed virgin NEEM OIL SPRAY MIX concentrate with emulsifier to make up your own Neem spray solution. No need to add anything but water, 250 ml to make up to 25 liter spray solution.

Why use neem oil spray:

* Natural pest deterrent.

* Natural Antifungal agent.

* Natural antifeedant against snails, slugs etc.

* After mixing with water decays rapidly in atmospheric conditions, unlike the synthetic products.

How to: Neem oil solidifies below 20 degrees C. Warm the bottle to room temperature first ( apprx 25 C) to make it runny and mix : 1 part oil with approximately 25 to 100 parts ( depending on application) lukewarm water (around 25 to 30 degrees C). Virgin Neem Oil is a natural powerful antifungal and insect repellent. Avoid eye contact. Store in a cool and dark place.

How to Apply Neem Oil Spray: Before spraying a an entire plant, test a small area on the plant and wait 24 hours to check to see if the leaf has any damage. If there is no damage, then the plant should not be harmed by the neem oil. Apply neem oil only in indirect light or in the evening to avoid foliage burning and to allow the treatment to seep into the plant. Also, do not use neem oil in extreme temperatures, either too hot or too cold. Avoid application to plants that are stressed due to drought or over watering. Using neem oil insecticide about once a week will help kill pests and keep fungal issues at bay. Apply as you would other oil-based sprays, making sure the leaves are completely coated, especially where the pest or fungal problem is the worst. Please avoid spraying the flowers when the bees are pollinating.

It can be diluted up to 1 : 100. There are no hard and fast rules, only guidelines.

Store in a cool and dark place, do not leave the bottle exposed to direct sunlight.

Facts about Neem Oil:

Active ingredient of Neem oil is a naturally occurring unstable complex compound called Azadirachtin. Azadirachctin content in Neem Oil is roughly around 3000 part per million. This amount is very much depend on the harvest conditions, altitude, climate, storage time and storage conditions etc. It is a natural product and there is no fixed standard of azadirachtin content in the neem oil.

Azadirachtin is an unstable chemical which decomposes gradually in few years. If it is kept in a dark and cool place that duration could extend to 4 to 5 years.

Once mixed with water Azadirachtin hydrolises and start to a rapid decaying. Half-life of the hydrolysed Azadirachtin is depend on the acidity of the water mixed with.

Half-Life of Azadirachtin if the PH of the 30C solution adjusted to 4 : is 10.7 days

Half-Life of Azadirachtin if the PH of the 30C solution adjusted to 7 : is 4.5 days

Half-Life of Azadirachtin if the PH of the 30C solution adjusted to 8 : is 0.9 days

Azadirachtin is unstable in alkaline solutions and in strong acidic solutions. PH value of the spray solution should be between 4 and 6

A Natural Pest Control

Not many safe non-toxic pest control products are available for use but having a natural one is an additional bonus. Neem Oil fits these criteria and can be safely used on crops, leaves no dangerous residue in the soil and can effectively repel pests as well as acting as a fungicide.

Neem Oil is a vegetable oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of the Neem tree, Azadirachta Indica. It contains a natural Insecticide, acaricide and fungicide called azadirachtin, a complex triterpenoid. It is not strictly a juvenile hormone mimic but has a more complex spectrum of activity. It acts as a potent antifeedant and affects insect metamorphosis and development. In addition to azadirachtin, Neem extracts contain compounds with antifeedant, repellency, growth regulator and oviposition deterrent activities and extracts of neem seeds have been registered as pest control for use in controlling several insects affecting ornamentals and horticultural crops. Neem Oil is not known to be harmful to mammals, birds, bees, and earthworms.

Neem Oil as an insect deterrent

Neem Oil works from inside the plant as it is a systemic insect repellent, which means that in addition to foliar spraying a solution can be poured onto the soil, or container compost and the plants will absorb it, they take it up into their tissue, and it works from the inside.

This means it is absorbed by the plant and distributed throughout the tissue. Once the product is in the plant’s vascular system, insect's intake it during feeding. The compound causes insects to reduce or cease feeding, can prevent larvae from maturing, reduces or interrupts mating behaviour, and, in some cases, the oil coats the breathing holes of insects and controls them.

It is a useful repellent for mites and is used to manage over 200 other species of chewing or sucking insects, including Aphids Mealybugs Scale Whiteflies.

Neem Oil as a Fungicide

Neem Oil fungicide is useful against fungi, mildews and rusts when applied in a 1 percent solution. It is also deemed helpful for other kinds of issues such as Root rot Black spot Sooty mold.

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